Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer occurs inside your testicles.

There are two main types of testicular cancer:

  • Nonseminomas are the more common form. They develop faster and may spread to other areas of your body.
  • Seminomas grow more slowly and are usually found in your testes but may also spread to your lymph nodes.

Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer

Several factors can increase your risk of developing testicular cancer. They include:

  • Abnormal testicle development.
  • A family history of testicular cancer.
  • Being a male between the ages of 15 and 35.
  • Being Caucasian.
  • Having an undescended testicle.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

The early symptoms of testicular cancer typically include pain, swelling and a lump or mass on your testicles.

Other signs include:

  • Back pain.
  • Enlarged breast tissue.
  • Sudden fluid accumulation in your scrotum.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in your groin.
Young man with pain talks to doctor for treatment.

Make an appointment

For more information, please contact your oncologist or the Cancer Care Center at (859) 301-4000.

Diagnosing Testicular

In some cases, testicular is discovered during a self-examination. In others, your doctor detects a lump or concerning area during a routine physical exam.

Tests that your doctors may perform to determine if you have testicular include:

  • Blood tests.
  • Cystoscopy to view inside your penis.
  • Imaging such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans or ultrasound.
  • Surgery to remove and analyze the affected testicle.
  • Tissue biopsy.
  • Ultrasound.

Treating Testicular

Both testicular may require surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Treatment for testicular cancer may include:

  • Surgery to remove the testicle.
  • Surgery to remove nearby lymph nodes.

Your Cancer Care Team

Cancer Research Physicians

The team includes medical oncologists specializing in immunotherapy and precision medicine, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, interventional radiologists, thoracic surgeons, pain management specialists, genetic counselors, pathologists, nutritionists, pharmacists, nurses and support staff. They work together to create a treatment plan that’s just right for you.