Injuries Medical Encyclopedia Health Navigator Drug Interactions Drug Notes Health Capsules Smart Sites Back Pain Hip Pain Knee Pain Weight Loss Crush injury Definition A crush injury occurs when force or pressure is put on a body part. This type of injury most often happens when part of the body is squeezed between two heavy objects.Damage related to crush injuries include:BleedingBruisingCompartment syndrome (increased pressure in an arm or leg that causes serious muscle, nerve, blood vessel, and tissue damage)FractureLaceration (open wound)Nerve injurySecondary infectionSmashed fingersWounds First Aid Steps for first aid treatment of a crush injury are:Stop bleeding by applying direct pressure. Cover the area with a wet cloth or bandage, then raise the area above the level of the heart, if possible.If there is suspicion of a head, neck or spinal injury, immobilize those areas if possible and then limit movement to only the crushed area.Call your local emergency number (such as 911) or local hospital for further advice.Crush injuries usually require emergency department evaluation. Surgery may be needed to correct and treat the problem fully. Open References References Klimke A, Furin M. Prehospital immobilization. In: Roberts JR, Hedges JR, eds. Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2014:chap 46. Related Information Cuts and puncture wounds Broken bone Bleeding Bleeding into the skin Compartment syndrome Smashed fingers Review Date: 01/13/2014 Reviewed By: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.