DefinitionStress can come from any event or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, or nervous.Anxiety is a feeling of fear, unease, and worry. The source of these symptoms is not always known.
Alternative NamesAnxiety; Feeling uptight; Stress; Tension; Jitters; Apprehension
ConsiderationsStress is a normal feeling. In small doses, stress can help you get things done. Stress does not affect everyone the same way.Many people feel stress symptoms in their body. You may be having pain in your abdomen, headaches, and muscle tightness or pain.When you are very stressed, you may notice:A faster heart rateSkipped heartbeatsRapid breathingSweatingTremblingDizzinessOther symptoms include:Loose stoolsFrequent need to peeDry mouthProblems swallowingYou may have a harder time focusing, feel tired most of the time, or lose your temper more often. Stress may also cause sexual problems. It can also cause problems with falling or staying asleep and nightmares.
Common CausesMany people have stress when they need to adapt or change.Examples are:Starting a new job or schoolMoving to a new homeGetting marriedHaving a childBreaking up with someoneAn injury or illness to you, a friend, or a loved one is a common cause of stress. Feelings of stress and anxiety are common in people who feel depressed and sad.Some drugs may cause or worsen symptoms of stress.These can include:Some inhaler medicines used to treat asthmaThyroid drugsSome diet pillsSome cold remediesCaffeine, cocaine, alcohol, and tobacco products may also cause or make symptoms of stress or anxiety worse.When these feelings happen often, a person may have an anxiety disorder. Other problems where stress may be present are:Obsessive-compulsive disorderPanic disorderPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Home CareWhat relieves stress is not the same for everyone. Making certain lifestyle changes is the best start.Start with eating a well-balanced, healthy diet as well as getting enough sleep and exercise, Also, limit caffeine and alcohol intake and don't use nicotine, cocaine, or other street drugs.Finding healthy, fun ways to cope with stress helps most people. You can learn and practice ways to help you relax. Find out about yoga, tai chi, or meditation.Take breaks from work. Make sure to balance fun activities with your job and family duties. Schedule some leisure time every day. Spend time with people you enjoy, including your family.Try learning to make things with your hands, playing an instrument, or listening to music.Think about what might be giving you stress. Keep a diary of what is going on when you have these feelings.Then, find someone you trust who will listen to you. Often just talking to a friend or loved one is all that you need to feel better. Most areas also have support groups and hotlines that can help.Ask your health care provider if any drugs or medicines you are taking can cause anxiety.See also:Stress in childhoodStress management
Call your health care provider ifCall a suicide hotline if you have thoughts of suicide.Reasons you may want to seek more help are:You have feelings of panic, such as dizziness, rapid breathing, or a racing heartbeat.You are unable to work or function at home or at your job.You have fears that you cannot control.You are having memories of a traumatic event.Do not stop taking any prescribed medicines without talking to your doctor.
What to expect at your health care provider's officeYour doctor will want to know what medicines you are taking. Your doctor will also want to know if you use alcohol or drugs. You will have a physical exam and maybe some blood tests.Your doctor may refer you to a mental health care provider. You can talk to them about your feelings, what seems to make your stress better or worse, and why you think you are having this problem.Sometimes, medicines may help treat your symptoms.See: Generalized anxiety disorder for more information.
ReferencesLarzelere MM, Jones GN. Stress and health. Prim Care. 2008;35:839-856.Ahmed SM, Lemkau JP, Hershberger PJ. Psychosocial influences on health. In: Rakel RE, ed. Textbook of Family Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 3.